WASHINGTON — A high-stakes Senate debate over immigration got off to a halting start Tuesday, with Republican and Democratic leaders immediately at loggerheads over how to move forward and President Trump warning this was the ‘‘last chance’’ to extend protections to Dreamer immigrants.
Trump issued the warning in a morning tweet as the Senate opened what was billed as an unusual and open-ended debate on a host of immigration issues. Democrats had pushed for the debate, hopeful they might be able to craft a piece of legislation in real time on the Senate floor — or at least force Republicans on the record on some difficult issues.
But the experiment in legislating hasn’t gotten very far yet.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, Republican of Kentucky, began the process by throwing his weight behind legislation based on the president’s priorities.
To kick it off, he proposed allowing Republicans to bring up an amendment targeting cities that don’t fully cooperate with federal immigration authorities, so-called sanctuary cities. Then, Democrats would bring up legislation of their choosing. Amendments gaining 60 votes would become part of the broader immigration bill.
The Senate’s top Democrat, Chuck Schumer of New York, quickly objected.
‘‘To begin the debate as the Republican leader suggests would be getting off on the wrong foot,’’ Schumer said. ‘‘Very partisan.’’
Schumer wants McConnell to bring up legislation that incorporates President Trump’s priorities and a second, much narrower bill from Senators John McCain, Republican of Arizona, and Chris Coons, Democrat of Delaware.
His reasoning: The legislation Schumer wants considered would address the population of young immigrants that lawmakers from both parties say they want to help, rather than side issues such as how to deal with sanctuary cities.
McConnell replied: ‘‘I’m not trying to dictate to them what they offer. They shouldn’t be trying to dictate to us what we offer. We ought to just get started.’’
The disagreement means there could be several more hours of speeches before any votes occur. That gives a group of moderate lawmakers more time to come up with a package that could generate 60 votes in the Senate.
‘‘Until we reach an end there, I still hope that’s the vehicle,’’ said Senator Jeff Flake, Republican of Arizona, one of the group’s key participants.
Trump, in an early-morning tweet, said Congress must act now to provide legal protections to young Dreamer immigrants.
‘‘Wouldn’t it be great if we could finally, after so many years, solve the DACA puzzle,’’ he wrote, adding: ‘‘This will be our last chance, there will never be another opportunity! March 5th.’’
Trump was referring to a deadline he announced last year to end a program protecting young immigrants from deportation, formally known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA. But a recent court ruling has rendered that deadline all but meaningless.
In an exchange later Tuesday with Senator Sherrod Brown, Democrat of Ohio, Trump again tried to accuse Democrats of not wanting to fix DACA, but then told the senator he was joking.
‘‘Everybody’s in there working hard on it right now. I think we have a chance to do DACA very bipartisan. I think that can happen,’’ he said during a meeting on trade issues with a bipartisan group of lawmakers at the White House. ‘‘And I hope we’re going to be able to do that, senator.’’
One GOP proposal based on principles dictated by the White House would pave a path to citizenship for up to 1.8 million young Dreamer immigrants in the United States, a lure for Democrats that many Republicans oppose.
Trump also wants $25 billion for Trump’s border wall with Mexico and other security measures, as well as curbs on legal immigration — a must for many Republicans.
‘‘This proposal has my support, and during this week of fair debate, I believe it deserves the support of every senator who’s ready to move beyond making points and actually making a law,’’ McConnell said in beginning debate Tuesday.
McConnell and other GOP supporters describe the measure as the Senate’s best shot of passing a bill that the president will sign, but many Democrats consider some of the proposals, including limiting the relatives that legal immigrants can bring to the United States, to be nonstarters.
Schumer has expressed repeated opposition to Trump’s sweeping approach, pushing for a more narrow focus.
‘‘Helping the Dreamers become Americans and protecting our borders. That should be the focus of all our energies,’’ Schumer said Tuesday.
Trump’s overall immigration plan, opposed by many Democrats, stands little chance of prevailing because any measure will need 60 votes. That means proposals will need substantial bipartisan support since the GOP majority is 51-49, and McCain has been absent in recent weeks battling cancer.
Still, many Republicans are insisting that the bill incorporating Trump’s priorities is a compromise because it gives up to 1.8 million young immigrants a pathway to citizenship.
‘‘The president’s framework is not an opening bid in negotiations. It is a best and final offer,’’ said Senator Tom Cotton, Republican of Arkansas.
In a meeting with sheriffs at the White House, Trump continued to frame the debate in a way that depicts many of the illegal immigrants seeking to enter the United States as dangerous criminals.
‘‘We’re asking Congress to support our immigration policy that keeps terrorists, drug dealers, criminals and gang members out of our country. We want them out. We don’t want them in and right now we’re working on DACA, we’re working on immigration bills and we’re making them tough,’’ Trump said.