Metro

This day in history

Today is Thursday, Sept. 14, the 257th day of 2017. There are 108 days left in the year.

Birthdays: Former Boston Bruins coach and general manager Harry Sinden is 85. Actress Zoe Caldwell is 84. Basketball Hall of Fame coach Larry Brown is 77. Singer-actress Joey Heatherton is 73. Actor Sam Neill is 70. Singer Jon ‘‘Bowzer’’ Bauman (Sha Na Na) is 70. Actress Melissa Leo is 57. Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev is 52. Drive-By Truckers musician Mike Cooley is 51. Rapper Nas is 44.

In 1716, the first lighthouse established in America was lit on Little Brewster Island in Boston Harbor.

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In 1814, Francis Scott Key was inspired to write the poem ‘‘Defence of Fort McHenry’’ (later ‘‘The Star-Spangled Banner”) after witnessing the American flag flying over the Maryland fort following a night of British naval bombardment during the War of 1812.

In 1861, the first naval engagement of the Civil War took place as the USS Colorado attacked and sank the Confederate private schooner Judah off Pensacola, Fla.

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In 1867, the first volume of ‘‘Das Kapital’’ by Karl Marx was published in Germany.

In 1901, President McKinley died in Buffalo, N.Y., of gunshot wounds inflicted by an assassin; Vice President Theodore Roosevelt succeeded him.

In 1927, modern dance pioneer Isadora Duncan died in Nice, France, when her scarf became entangled in a wheel of the sports car she was riding in.

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In 1941, Vermont passed a resolution enabling its servicemen to receive wartime bonuses by declaring the United States to be in a state of armed conflict, giving rise to headlines that Vermont had ‘‘declared war on Germany.’’

In 1954, the Soviet Union detonated a 40-kiloton atomic test weapon.

In 1964, Pope Paul VI opened the third session of the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, also known as ‘‘Vatican II.’’ (The session closed two months later.)

In 1975, Pope Paul VI declared Mother Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton the fIrst US-born saint.

In 1982, Princess Grace of Monaco, formerly actress Grace Kelly, died at age 52 of injuries from a car crash the day before; Lebanon’s president-elect, Bashir Gemayel was killed by a bomb.

In 1991, the government of South Africa and the African National Congress signed a national peace pact.

Last year, Hillary Clinton’s campaign released a letter from her doctor saying the Democratic presidential nominee was ‘‘recovering well’’ from pneumonia and remained ‘‘fit to serve as president of the United States.’’

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